Blinded Comparison of Different Alpha-Synuclein Seeding Assays as Cutaneous Biomarkers of Lewy Body Dementias

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Abstract With increasing longevity in our population, dementia is widely recognized as an impending public health crisis. Lewy body dementia (LBD), encompassing dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson disease dementia (PDD), is the second most common cause. LBD is characterized by abnormal aggregation and accumulation of a protein, ?-synuclein (aSyn). PDD and DLB are clinically separated only by the relative timing of the onset of parkinsonism and dementia. At present, advances in the treatment of these conditions are critically hampered by the lack of non-invasive, inexpensive biomarkers that can provide accurate diagnostic and prognostic information. This situation may soon be resolved, as in recent years it has become apparent, through our own studies and those of others, that biopsies of peripheral tissue sites can detect diagnostically significant aSyn. Our project will assess aSyn in punch biopsies of the skin. Our preliminary data from new ?seeding assay? methods including real-time quaking-induced conversion (RT-QuIC) and protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA), from autopsy-confirmed LBD subjects, indicate high sensitivity and specificity for predicting the presence of aSyn in the skin of affected subjects. Further work is necessary to confirm these results in living subjects with these conditions, which is the objective of this proposed project. We will biopsy, twice during a four year period, 90 subjects with aSyn disease, 30 each with PD, PDD and DLB, as well as 30 normal control subjects. Two independent laboratories will blindly perform separately-developed seeding assays, rigorously testing the interlaboratory reliability and providing estimates of aSyn density change over time. The seeding assay results will be compared with those obtained by the current gold-standard biopsy method, immunohistochemistry (IHC). All subjects will receive cognitive and movement disorder assessments at two timepoints in this four year project, enabling comparisons of assay measures with cognitive and motor decline rates. Many of the subjects will be enrolled in the Arizona Study of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disorders (AZSAND), a longitudinal clinicopathological study with an autopsy rate exceeding 90%. This will allow, in a substantial subset, eventual neuropathological confirmation of the molecular cause of parkinsonism and dementia in each subject.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date9/15/218/31/22

Funding

  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: $621,264.00

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