Biology and pathobiology of apoE in aging and Alzheimer's disease

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

PROJECT SUMMARY (APOE U19: OVERALL) The overarching goal of this U19 project is to comprehensively understand the biology and pathobiology of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in aging and Alzheimer?s disease (AD) to inform therapeutic strategies. The ?4 allele of the APOE gene (APOE4) is the strongest genetic risk factor for AD impacting 50-70% of all AD patients, while the ?2 allele is protective compared to the common ?3 allele. APOE4 is also a strong risk factor for age-related cognitive decline and vascular cognitive impairment. To integrate existing knowledge and address critical gaps, we propose a unified ApoE Cascade Hypothesis that the structural differences and related biochemical properties among the three apoE isoforms initiate their differential effects on a cascade of events at the cellular and systems levels ultimately impacting aging-related pathogenic conditions including AD. Towards this, we have assembled a multi-disciplinary team to synergize expertise and resources across multiple institutions. By integrating five interactive Projects and seven robust Cores, we will create a nexus for apoE-related aging research, sharing the knowledge, expertise and resources with the broader scientific community. Project 1 will work closely with Core B to address the structural and biochemical properties of the three apoE isoforms to generate insights for functional outcomes. Projects 2, 3 and 4 will interactively study how apoE isoforms expressed in astrocytes, microglia, or vascular mural cells impact lipid metabolism, glial and vascular functions, AD-related pathologies, and cellular and molecular pathways using conditional mouse models and systems- based approaches. These studies will generate cell type-specific apoE/lipoprotein particles that will be collected through in vivo microdialysis for structural and biochemical studies. Project 5 will carry out genomic and genetic analyses to identify modifiers of APOE-related age at onset of AD. Studies in Projects 2-5 will be interactively supplemented by neuropathological studies using postmortem brains from healthy aging studies or with AD pathologies (Core C), biomarker studies using both human and mouse biospecimens (Core D), and functional studies using human iPSC-derived cellular and organoid models (Core E). This U19 proposal is supported by a comprehensive Multi-Omics Core (Core F) for centralized proteomics, lipidomics, and metabolomics studies on various animal and iPSC models, as well as human postmortem brains and fluid biospecimens. The Bioinformatics, Biostatistics, and Data Management Core (Core G) will provide critical supports for analyzing large datasets including those from single-cell RNA-seq and biostatistics supports to ensure scientific rigor. Core G will also work closely with the Administrative Core (Core A) to maintain an ApoE Web Portal designated as EPAAD where knowledge, resources, and data will be shared with the scientific community. Core A will also organize annual ApoE Symposium to promote collaboration and engage the ApoE Community. As such, this U19 will drive a team-based effort to generate essential knowledge to guide disease- modifying therapies for AD and other aging-related conditions.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date6/1/215/31/22

Funding

  • National Institute on Aging: $6,820,292.00

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